History

Department for Clinical Epidemiology

The Department of Clinical Epidemiology began in a few unused offices at the old Regional Hospital in 1962 then called the Psychological Institute. The Institute was formed by Head Physician Fini Schulsinger and American professor of psychology Sarnoff A. Mednick. Along with Danish and American scientists they undertook the first epidemiological studies on psychological diseases.

In 1992 the institute was absored into the Capital Region and was renamed Institute for the Prevention of Disease, now under the leadership of Thorkild I. A. Sørensen. the regional hospital became responsible for the administrative responsibilities and the institute recieved its first basis grant. The research profile was expanded to include somatic studies like obesity, cardiovascular diseases and cancer.

When the decision to closing the regional hospitals came in 1995, the institute's administrative work was moved to Bispebjerg Hospital. The regional hospital also came to accommodate Center for Health and Society, wherein Institute for the Prevention of Disease was absorbed.

In the following years the focus on somatic diseases increased. With a new primary focus became national health problems and the knowledge of how inheritance and environment can be the foundation for problems later in life. Research was based on archives, registries and studies which later forms the basis of the center's data resources. This data has been used to studying relationships between growth and other factors in childhood and early adolesence and following health tendencies in adulthood. The institutes strong methodogical, epidemiological and statistical competences and unique data resources has led to the buildup of decades worth of international research of the highest quality.

In october 2016, Tine Jess asssumed leadership of the institute with renewed energy and idealism, shortly afterwards Institute for the Prevention of Disease became the Department of Clinical Epidemiology. The decision was also made to open up the center as a clinical resource for the rest of Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg Hospital and bring the methodological expertise for the improvement of medical practice and research at the whole hospital.

This is where the Department of Clinical Epidemiology was at the close of 2017, as a center with strong international profile and rapidly increasing contribution to the hospitals clinical research.

Research Center for Prevention and Health

The former Research Center for Prevention and Health (RCPH) was formed as an offshoot from the Medical Department at Glostrup Hospital, where head physician Per From Hansen and registrar Leif Hagerup in 1964 for the first time in Denmark undertook large population studies adults, where both questions and a physical health evaluation took place.

In 1974 the population studies were made a permanent part of the centers efforts with its own facilities and staff. Researcher Marianne Schroll secured a permanent partnership in 1982 with the WHO, which has 34 centers in 20 countries with the focus of monitoring risk factors in cardiovascular disease (the MONICA studies). With the death of Per Hansen in 1983, Marianne Schroll assumed leadership and in 1990-93 Torben Jørgensen became head of the center part time. In 1993-97 Knut Borch-Johnson was the daily leader of the center, where he in 1996 oversaw that the population studies were funded by the Copenhagen County. This meant that the center could afford to employ a leader full-time and from 1997 Torben Jørgensen was employed as center leader and head physician. from 2002 the center became a subsidary to the Copenhagen County and was renamed to Research Center for Prevention and Health (RCPH).

The staff grew from 10 to 60 people and organised to acommodate three new research sections each with its own section head, a statistic and data section and a secretarial section were also formed. RCPH was associated with University of Copenhagen and University of Aalborg with professorates and external associate professorates.

From 2001 to 2017 RCPH was a national resource of epidemiological analysis. At the end of 2017 RCPH was an internationally respected research center in national health and maintained a uniquely wide range of research. It covered epidemiological research, clinical epidemiology, prevention and health and implementation research. In addition, the center undertook an advisory role to clinical departments in both prevention and health at a regional and national level.

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